Indian Journal of Human Genetics
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-13

Past, present and future perspectives of genetic therapy in gliomas


Department of Neurosurgery, Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Tobias Alécio Mattei
Endereço, Rua Capote Valente 735 ap. 302, CEP 05409-002, São Paulo - SP
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6866.16288

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High-grade gliomas are relatively frequent in adults and consist in the most malignant form of primary brain tumor. They are resistant to standard treatment modalities such as surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, being fatal within 1 to 2 years of onset of symptoms. Owing to the promising practical clinical benefits that can be expected for the near future, an exposition of the basic issues in genetic therapy of gliomas seems timely. In this article we intend to provide a general review that covers the most important genes already studied as possible agents for genetic therapy in gliomas. In a critical analysis we intend to expose and discuss anti-tumoral mechanisms and therapeutical results of studies with the following class of genes: prodrug activation systems, apoptosis-related genes, anti-angiogenic factors genes, radiosensitization genes, chemosensitization genes, apoptosis-related genes and immunogenes. Finally we discuss the historical importance, actual role and further developments that can be expected from each of these class of agents for the future of genetic therapy of gliomas.


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